Wednesday, October 10, 2007
The dreaded “Freshman 15” does seem to be an over exaggeration. Now, before you get too excited there is more to the story you need to know. Most studies performed on this subject do confirm that weight gain is a trend that is common among college students. A recent study performed at Brown University found that the average weight gain amongst men and women was six pounds during their freshman year. The study also found that weight gain continued into the sophomore year with an additional three pounds. Another study performed at Cornell University had similar findings, noting that freshman averaged a four pound weight gain in the first semester alone.
Gaining a few pounds during the transition from adolescents to adulthood is not a health issue in and of itself. However, continuing to gain weight at this rate for many years could be. If you have gained some weight after starting your college career there is no need to panic and take drastic measures such as restrictive dieting, skipping meals, or starting a fad diet. It is recommended that you assess your eating, learn more about healthy nutrition, and add more activity to your lifestyle.
There are many causes that may be responsible for the weight gain. They may include:
All-u-can-eat meal plans. Just because it is all-you-can-eat and you paid $9 for entry does not mean it is a good idea to load up your tray and go back for seconds or thirds. An example of a healthy tray would include ½ a plate of vegetables, ¼ a plate of meat, and the other ¼ a plate of starch with an additional side of fruit and a dairy product. Do not get dessert every time and limit high calorie drinks to 0-1 glass per visit.
Skipping meals: Skipping meals will negatively affect your metabolism. There are only 2 ways to naturally increase your metabolism, which is to eat every 3-5 hours, including breakfast, and to build muscle mass.
Late Nights: Whether your late night consists of studying or partying, this may be a major factor in your weight gain. Study nights are usually accompanied by high caffeine, high calorie drinks and big portions of high calorie snack foods that provide little nutrition. Instead, try flavored waters or coffee made with skim milk and artificial sweeteners and eat light microwavable popcorn.
Alcohol is another major source of “empty” calories. The average 12 ounce light beer contains 100-150 calories. A shot of any liquor (regardless of brand or type) contains 100-150 calories and that doesn’t even account for calories that a mixer may contribute. An average margarita that you get at a restaurant is 600-800 calories. These calories can really add up and keep in mind that the average student should not exceed 2000 calories daily.
The bottom line is that some weight gain may be fine, but continued weight gain should be avoided. Remember to eat regularly, watch portion sizes, include more activity, and cut down on high calorie beverages. With a little vigilance you can avoid the pitfalls that lead to unwanted weight gain early in your college career.
If you are interested in learning the healthy ways to lose weight, maintain weight or just how to lead a healthy lifestyle, check out all the services offered by the UCF Wellness Center.
Wednesday, October 3, 2007
Do you have itchy, watery eyes and a runny nose? You could be experiencing symptoms of seasonal allergies, also known as hay fever. During the Fall and late Summer seasons, many people are afflicted by seasonal allergies due to increased exposure to pollen, molds, dust mites, and ragweed. Of all these, ragweed is the number one trigger for allergies during these seasons. According to Clifford Bassett, MD, medical director of Allergy and Asthma Care of New York, one ragweed plant can produce a billion pollen grains that can travel 300 to 700 miles in the air. In addition, molds can be found outdoors under leaves and soil and also indoor near shower rooms and laundry facilities.
It is best to avoid any allergy triggers and to seek treatment before the allergy season begins. Some ways to minimize allergies is to have the air conditioner re-circulate the air while driving, vacuum and mop floors frequently, and avoid outdoor activities when daily pollen and mold counts are high, which can be found here.
For treatment of seasonal allergies, there are prescription medications such as nasal corticosteroids for runny nose and sneezing, eye drops for itchy, watery eyes, and decongestants for nasal and sinus congestion which can manifest as sinus pressure and headaches. In addition, nonsedating antihistamines are prescribed as well. It is important to talk to your doctor or pharmacist when using over-the-counter medications to treat allergy symptoms; some of the medications can worsen symptoms if used longer than indicated and others can cause undue drowsiness.
More information on allergies can be found here. In addition, if you have any questions please visit the UCF Health Center or the UCF Pharmacy.
Wednesday, September 26, 2007
When someone sneezes or coughs, the infectious droplets are usually dispersed within a three foot zone (arms-length). If you notice someone is obviously sick - coughing and sneezing - you should try to stay out of that “hot zone.” 15% of College Students each year contract Mononucleosis (Mono). The severity can range from mild to severe, and inevitably, each year some students end up withdrawing from school because of Mono. Mono can be spread by any of the modes of transmission but is classically blamed on exchange of salivary excretions from kissing. Your risk of Mono and most upper respiratory illness is diminished by staying out of the “hot zone” of an ill person and maintaining good hand hygiene. Remember what Mom used to say, “Wash your hands before you eat.”
The status of your immune response can also be a determinant for your likeliness of getting ill and the severity of such illness. You can maximize your immune status in a variety of ways. With regards to vaccine preventable illnesses, like the Flu, Meningitis and HPV, getting vaccinated will help protect you. You can maximize your immunity further by getting adequate sleep, avoiding excess alcohol, finding ways to control stress and by not smoking. Additionally, there is some evidence that consumption of Vitamin C on a regular basis may be helpful.
It’s pretty low-tech advice in an age of high-tech solutions, but if you follow this advice you will maximize your chance of staying healthy and enjoying your fall semester!
Thursday, September 20, 2007
Call 407.823.5841 to schedule an appointment, or stop by the Wellness Center to purchase a gift certificate for a friend. Rates are $40/hour for students, and $50/hour for faculty and staff.
Each person's massage needs are different, and we have a wide array of therapies available to help!
Deep Tissue Massage
A Deep tissue massage releases the chronic patterns of tension in the body through slow strokes and deep finger pressure on contracted areas, either following or going across the grain of muscles, tendons and fascia. It can be used for specific work or full-body.
The most common form of massage, Swedish mainly relaxes the muscles and eases aches and pains. Swedish massage is a system of long strokes, kneading and friction techniques on the more superficial layers of the muscles, combined with active and passive movements of the joints.
For the athlete, sports massage techniques are utilized at all stages: pre-event, post-event, during training and to expedite rehabilitation after injury. This involves compression and a variety of stretching techniques.
Electro Therapeutic (ETPS)
This is a non-invasive therapy applying concentrated low frequency stimulation to ancient acupuncture points, motor/trigger points and contracted motor bands.
Pregnancy Massage (Coming Soon)
Massage can relieve fatigue, enhance sleep and calm an active baby. Depending upon where you are in the pregnancy the therapist may utilize reflexology, Swedish massage or very light shiatsu.
This is administered while the client is clothed and seated in a specially designed chair. These chairs most often slope forward allowing access to the neck, shoulders and large muscles of the back. Seated massage usually lasts 10 - 30 minutes and is intended to help you relax and improve circulation.
Wednesday, September 12, 2007
HPV is the most commonly sexually transmitted infection in the United States. At least half of all sexually active people will have HPV at some point in their life. Most people have no symptoms, but it can cause cervical cancer in women and other genital cancers in both men and women. HPV can also cause genital warts.
Currently, girls and women from ages 9 through 26 can receive the vaccine. However, it should not be given to pregnant women or to those with life-threatening allergic reactions to yeast or a previous dose of HPV vaccine. Studies are underway for approval of vaccination in women older than 26 years of age, as well as for vaccination of males recipients.
The vaccination consists of three doses. It is given as a first dose, a second dose two months after the first dose, and a third dose six months after the first dose. Currently, booster doses are not necessary. The most common side effect is soreness at the site of injection.
Women who are vaccinated should continue to have Pap tests because the vaccine does not protect against all types of HPV.
The Gardasil vaccine is $135 per dose, for a total of $405 for the complete 3-dose series, at the UCF Health Center. Most insurance plans will cover “recommended” vaccines, but it often takes time for a new vaccine to be categorized as recommended. However, there are federal health programs such as Vaccines for Children (VFC) that cover the cost of the HPV vaccine for females under 19 years of age that meet certain criteria. Click here for more information about VFC.
For more information about HPV and vaccines, please visit the UCF Health Center or Pharmacy. More information may be found by visiting the Centers for Disease Control.
Wednesday, September 5, 2007
Ah. FREE at last…away from home, parents, brothers and sisters…no one to bother you or tell you what to do. Life is good! Well, yes, college can be a great time and loads of fun. It’s also a time to explore who you are, how you relate to new people, what you want to do with your life. It’s a time to take control of your own life and start shaping a life that is in line with your values, desires, ambitions…to clarify YOUR goals and define what SUCCESS means to you.
The first step of course is living on your own, meeting new people and adjusting to a new environment. Oh and yes, college is a lot of work. This leads to varying amounts of stress, depending on your attitudes, coping strategies, support and ability to manage your own life. This article is meant to help you think about a few things you may want to pay attention to in order to increase your chances for success here at UCF.
1. Learn to manage your stress.
Any change in your life can be stressful, and starting college is no exception. Students report that stress is the biggest obstacle to academic success, so learning to manage it is important. Exercise is a great way to burn off the chemicals that cause the stress response. Getting enough sleep and eating well help your body handle it as well. Talking to roommates, friends, RAs or counselors can help you find solutions to common problems.
Your attitude plays a major role in how stressful college life will be for you. People who believe they must perform perfectly in all situations experience a great deal of stress. If you are taking courses you truly enjoy, there will be less stress involved. Be sure that your academic and career decisions are based on your needs and desires, and not the expectations of others. Most people entering the workforce today can expect to have multiple careers, so stop thinking that your entire life depends on making one right decision this very moment.
The Wellness Center provides programs to help you learn natural stress reduction techniques using state of the art biofeedback techniques to assist you in the learning process. Massage Therapy is also available in the Annex next to Health Services and at the Wellness Center.
2. Learn to manage your time.
It is entirely too easy to get distracted and pulled away from accomplishing the things you need to do. Effective time management does call for some discipline on your part and an active decision to use your time wisely. Nothing is more critical to your academic success. Try to start each semester with a good plan of attack, based on time management techniques that are well suited to you. While some things are out of your control, it is important to learn to take charge and assert control as much as possible.
First, consider the time of the day you function best at and plan to do your most difficult work then. Find or create an environment for studying where distractions are minimal. Shut off your cell phone so you won’t be tempted to answer it. You will live without calls for a few hours at a time. Plan times for studying and learn to say "no" to offers to do other things. In the long run, you will be happy you did.
Learn to determine your priorities and set up plans by the semester, month, week and day. One system for setting priorities is to make a list of everything you need and want to do. Include things like exercise, socializing, shopping, and watching TV on your list. Next, decide which items are "Urgent" vs. "Non-Urgent" based on time constraints. Then decide which items are "Important" vs. "Non-Important." Priority should be given to items that are both "Important" and "Urgent." Next, make time for items that are "Important" but "Non-Urgent," followed by "Urgent" but "Non-Important." Lastly, if time permits, plan time for "Non-Urgent," "Non-Important" items.
Try to maintain a balance in your life between work, school, recreation, socializing and taking care of your body’s needs, like eating and sleeping. This can be very difficult to do while in college, but make the effort and do the best you can. Again, it is not about perfection.
3. Manage test anxiety.
Many people experience test anxiety. Some experience a very rational type based on how prepared they are. Others experience anxiety no matter how well prepared, or how many positive experiences they have had in the past.
Most important is your attitude. It is indeed a very rare occurrence where one grade will make or break your entire career. At times, students do find an area of study very difficult and realize that they really were not well suited to it. Often they discover a new area that brings more happiness than their original plan ever would have. What they thought was the “worst thing that could happen” turned out to be a blessing in disguise. In any event, try to keep some perspective on the importance of any one test or paper.
Managing your time allows you to study for tests over time instead of cramming the night before. Cramming is not a good way to learn and increases anxiety. Think about what may be on your test and try to incorporate materials from class notes, text books and articles into reasonable answers.
Take breaks while studying, don’t forget to eat meals and try to get a good night’s sleep the night before the test. If you do prepare ahead of time, you can do something relaxing between studying and taking the test to reduce anxiety. Try to avoid use of caffeine or other stimulants as they increase the stress response in your body.
4. Plan for getting enough sleep.
Many students simply sleep “when they can” and do not get adequate sleep consistently. Planning your time and saying "no" to activities that keep you up later, will help. The point is that you need to make an active decision to get as many good nights of sleep as you are able to. Try to do something relaxing right before going to bed. It could be a great time to practice one of the “relaxation techniques” you learned at the Wellness Center.
5. Reduce your risk of getting sick.
Dealing with stress, exercising, eating balanced meals and getting enough rest will help keep your immune system strong. The most effective way to avoid germs that cause colds and flu is to WASH YOUR HANDS REGULARLY. Believe it or not…it's true. However, the quick rinse with water will not do the trick. One must wash with soap and create friction by rubbing hands and fingers together for 15 seconds to remove the majority of germs. How long is 15 seconds? Sing "Happy Birthday" twice. The other technique for reducing cold/flu transmission is to sneeze into your shirt sleeve rather than your hand. Sounds yucky? Well it really is a better way to keep from spreading germs, and getting a cold or flu is VERY yucky.
6. Build a support system to help deal with feelings, obstacles, and relationships.
Having both emotional support (people you can talk to about personal issues) as well as tangible support (people you can call on for help with practical issues) safeguards you against stress. Getting involved with clubs and organizations is a great way to meet people and build friendships. Take advantage of the professional support available to you while here at UCF, as well. The Counseling Center has a professional staff that can talk with you about any type of personal or family problem, and many students do choose to take advantage of this free service.
7. Don’t overdo your partying.
Alcohol and other drugs can provide some immediate relief from stress and cause you to feel more relaxed. The problem is that as soon as the chemicals wear off, your body rebounds back to an increased level of stress. This rebound effect can cause some people to get “hooked” into coming back for more. Try to rely on natural stress reducers as much as possible. People whose only source of stress relief is through alcohol or other drugs are more likely to become dependent.
Expectations of partying at college are often formed by what they have heard, and usually what we hear about are the wildest parties and behavior. People don’t generally talk about the majority of people who are having a couple of drinks, talking with friends, and having a good time without getting out of control. Studies actually show that almost 20% of UCF students have never used alcohol, and 75% indicated they had 4 or less drinks last time they went out. Most UCF students are pretty smart and do a number of things to keep their risks low, such as keeping track of how much they are drinking, alternating water or soda with alcoholic drinks, using designated drivers and avoiding drinking games.
8. Get help with compulsive behaviors like gambling and/or playing computer games/chatting.
In a Spring 2007 survey, 15% of UCF students indicated that excessive Internet use and computer gaming had interfered with their academic performance in some way. Gambling has become a much more significant problem on college campuses as well. Just about anything that you enjoy or makes you feel good, can become problematic if you lose control over how often you do it. Yes…even sex can become a problem for some people. If you find that any behavior is starting to cause you problems such as missing classes, losing sleep, arguments with other people, missing meals or spending too much money, then it is time to get help to regain control. You can try setting limits on yourself first and if you can stick to them, things should calm down. If not, the Counseling Center and REAL Project offer assistance to those in need.
9. Exercise and eat balanced meals with a variety of foods.
Regular exercise helps to maintain your immune system, prevents a number of specific diseases, and helps in the management of stress. It helps you to think more clearly as well. Eating a balance of different foods, especially a variety of fruits and vegetables, will help provide the nutrients your body needs to repair and maintain itself. While food choices may be limited by availability, cost and schedules, make an attempt to eat as many portions of fruits and vegetables as you can. Limit the fried foods and choose steamed, broiled or grilled foods instead.
To learn more about diet and fitness, attend on of our "Hot Topics by the Dietitian" seminars!
10. Use Credit Wisely! Avoid building up credit card debt you cannot afford to pay off. While college students traditionally “feel poor” for 4-5 years, it is better to be careful now and graduate in a good position to start your new life. Be prepared to be hit with “fantastic” offers and “free” merchandise and rewards for signing up. Although tempting, limit yourself to one card or even use a debit card that takes money directly from your checking account.Do the math! Making the minimum payment on a balance of $1000, at 19% interest, it would take you 7 years to pay off your debt and cost you $730 in interest. Even small purchases add up quicker than you might imagine.
Wednesday, August 22, 2007
New students, returning students…the year ahead will be unlike any other. Your campus is changing, and so is YOUR Health Services program.
We kick off this fall with the historic opening of UCF’s new on-campus stadium and arena. By October, UCF Health Services will open our new satellite pharmacy and convenience store next to the new arena. Keep your eyes open for how YOU can get involved in naming the new Pharmacy and look out for our grand opening announcement!
Staffing in the Women’s Clinic has been increased to meet increasing demand for women’s health services. We are beginning to grow a Sports Medicine program, are inviting spouses of students to subscribe to our services, and have introduced a Student Health Insurance Plan which increases benefits at a lower premium cost.
Since August 16, services have been expanded to increase access for clinical needs.
·The Health Center is open Monday-Friday, 8am to 6pm; and Saturday, 10am to 2pm
·The Pharmacy is open Monday-Friday, 8am to 6:30pm; and Saturday, 10am to 2pm
·The Wellness Center is open Monday-Friday, 8am to 5pm; and the Dietitian holds workshops and walk-in hours from 4pm to 7pm on Monday and Tuesday
Call 407.823.3850 for an appointment.
For information about YOUR Health Center, YOUR Pharmacy and YOUR Wellness Center, plus much more, access our brand new website @ www.hs.ucf.edu.
Best wishes for a healthy and enriching year ahead.
Dr. Bob Wirag, Director
UCF Health Services